Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World, Boeotia FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Byzantine Thisvi (Kastorion)

      Byzantine Thisvi (Kastorion) (8/4/2011 v.1) Θίσβη / Καστόριον (Βυζαντινή περίοδος) (8/4/2011 v.1)

The village Thisvi lies on the south foot of Mount Helicon and was inhabited already since the Mycenaean times. Its ancient name survived until the early Byzantine period, while in the Byzantine era it was renamed Kastorion. During the middle Byzantine period and until the beginnings of the 20th c., it was known as Kakosi or Kastoria. South of Thisvi lies the seaport of the ancient town, the harbor Bathy, with traces of habitation until at least the 11th c.

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Religious transformations in Boeotia in Late Antiquity, 3rd-7th centuries

      Religious transformations in Boeotia in Late Antiquity, 3rd-7th centuries (26/3/2012 v.1) Θρησκευτικές μεταβολές στη Βοιωτία κατά την Ύστερη Αρχαιότητα (3ος-7ος αι.) (3/4/2012 v.1)

The entry will examine the last manifestations of traditional cults in Boeotia (polytheism, paganism) and the implantation of Christianity. On this process, our sources are primarily archaeological, and epigraphical, since literary sources on religious life in the late antique period in Boeotia are quite rare.

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Theban Hegemony (371-362 BC) and the battles of Leuctra and Mantinea

      Theban Hegemony (371-362 BC) and the battles of Leuctra and Mantinea (23/9/2010 v.1) Θηβαϊκή ηγεμονία (371-362 π.Χ.) και οι μάχες Λεύκτρων και Μαντίνειας (23/9/2010 v.1)

In the second quarter of the 4th century Thebes started rising as a powerful force in central Greece, undertaking by force the leadership of the Boeotian Confederacy. Its rise was due to a series of charismatic leaders, notably Pelopidas and Epaminondas, who reorganized the army and developed the phalanx as a major battle force. The rise of Thebes was marked by the battle of Leuctra (371 BC), where Sparta was for the first time defeated; Sparta's complete humiliation occurred at the battle of...

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Thebes

      Thebes (1/10/2010 v.1) Θήβα (1/10/2010 v.1)

Numerous myths surround the city of Thebes, and part of this mythological tradition was magnificently articulated in Attic tragedy; these myths testify to the settlement’s leading role since prehistoric times, a city which over the centuries inspired authors and artists. In its long history, Thebes proved a number of times a worthy contender in the fight for pre-eminence in Greece: in the Classical period Thebes enjoyed a period of hegemony; it was the capital of the theme of Hellas, and then...

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Thebes (Antiquity)

      Thebes (Antiquity) - to be assigned Θήβαι (Αρχαιότητα) (4/10/2010 v.1)

 

Thebes (Byzantine and Post-Byzantine)

      Thebes (Byzantine and Post-Byzantine) (4/10/2010 v.1) Θήβα (Βυζαντινή και Μεταβυζαντινή περίοδος) (4/10/2010 v.1)

In the middle of the 6th century Thebes was flourishing. Slavic invasions, however, in 580 brought decline to the urban way of life during the transitional period of 7th- 8th c. At the end of the 9th century, the city was fixed as the seat of the general (strategos) of the theme of Hellas. In the next three centuries the city knew great economic prosperity. After the Frankish conquest it became capital of the Duchy of Athens and Thebes. Since 1460 the Ottomans became rulers until the...

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Theodoros Lazaris

      Theodoros Lazaris - to be assigned Θεόδωρος Λαζαρής - to be assigned

 

Thespiae (Antiquity)

      Thespiae (Antiquity) - to be assigned Θεσπιαί (Αρχαιότητα) - has not been published yet

 

Thespies

      Thespies - to be assigned Θεσπιές (1/10/2010 v.1)

 

Thisbe (Antiquity)

      Thisbe (Antiquity) (4/10/2010 v.1) Θίσβη (Αρχαιότητα) (4/10/2010 v.1)

Ancient Thisbe stood in the area of the modern village of Thisve, until recently called Kakosi, in north-western Boeotia. This area appears to have been inhabited as early as c. 2000 BC, and there is evidence suggesting the existence of an important Mycenaean settlement. It is already mentioned in Homer as one of the Boeotian cities participating in the Trojan War. In historic times, Thisbe was a prosperous city. Its acropolis, perched on a steep cliff, was of great antiquity and Hercules,...

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Plutarch
A philosopher and biographer of the end of the first ...

 
 
 
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